What is kundalini YOGA AND MEDITATION?
Kundalini Yoga is an ancient science and transformational technology developed thousands of years ago that supports a healthy lifestyle, increases vitality, opens consciousness, and helps individuals expand into their full potential. When practiced regularly, Kundalini yoga as taught by Yogi Bhajan is a very quick way to establish an aligned relationship between the body, mind, and soul. It is a path that creates overall transformation and delivers those who practice to experience and express their Higher Self.
There is a depth and completeness in Kundalini Yoga. Unlike other yogas that emphasize posture and repetition of the same sequence to perfection, Kundalini Yoga integrates asanas (postures), mudras (hand positions), bhandas (energy locks), mantra (sound current), and pranayam (breath) within a single class. Yogi Bhajan taught approximately 5000 meditation techniques and sequence-specific sets to support students in discovering elevated states in the physical, mental, and spiritual realms. There is a powerful legacy and lineage inherent in our history from which to practice and teach. Kundalini yoga, the yoga of awareness, is a comprehensive science that can be practiced by individuals of any age or ability who seek to awaken to their higher human potential.
"When we fold our hands in prayer, God opens his arms and gives us a hug. Life is fulfilled with this union. That is yoga." ~ Yogi Bhajan
Kundalini yoga resources
Yoga and meditation for recovery from addiction
Preliminary research supports the effectiveness of practicing yoga and meditation for recovery from addiction. Benefits include: improvement in psychological behaviours and symptoms[i], long-term improvements in well-being, self-esteem and personal empowerment[ii], reduced cravings and anxiety[iii] [iv] [v], decreased depressive symptoms[vi] [vii] [viii] [ix] [x], decreased smoking[xi] [xii] [xiii], reduced eating disordered behaviors[xiv], reduced alcohol use among alcoholics[xv], improved coping mechanisms for handling stress[xvi], decreased stress response[xvii] [xviii] [xix], increased vagal stimulation[xx], improved cortisol regulation[xxi], increased spirituality and coherence[xxii] [xxiii].
[i] Sat Bir S. Khalsa, PhD, Gurucharan S. Khalsa, PhD, Hargopal K. Khalsa, MSc, Mukta K. Khalsa, LPC. Evaluation of a Residential Kundalini Yoga Lifestyle Pilot Program for Addiction in India. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse, Vol. 7(1) 2008.
[ii] Gelderloos P, Walton KG, Orme-Johnson DW, Alexander CN. Effectiveness of the Transcendental Meditation program in preventing and treating substance misuse: a review. International Journal of Addiction. 1991 Mar;26(3):293-325.
[iii] Chen KW, Berger CC, Gandhi D, Weintraub E, Lejuez CW. Adding integrative meditation with ear acupressure to outpatient treatment of cocaine addiction: a randomized controlled pilot study. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 2013 Mar;19(3):204-10.
[iv] Shahab L, Sarkar BK, West R. The acute effects of yogic breathing exercises on craving and withdrawal symptoms in abstaining smokers. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2013 Feb;225(4):875-82. doi: 10.1007/s00213-012-2876-9. Epub 2012 Sep 20.
[v] Clements G, Krenner L, Mölk W. The use of the Transcendental Meditation programme in the prevention of drug abuse and in the treatment of drug-addicted persons. Bull Narc. 1988;40(1):51-6.
[vi] Rao NP, Varambally S, Gangadhar BN. Yoga school of thought and psychiatry: Therapeutic potential. Indian Journal of Psychiatry. 2013 Jan;55(Suppl 2):S145-9. doi: 10.4103/0019-5545.105510.
[vii] Javnbakht M, Hejazi Kenari R, Ghasemi M. Effects of yoga on depression and anxiety of women. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2009;15:102–4.
[viii] Woolery A, Myers H, Stemliebm B, Zeltzer L. A yoga intervention for young adults with elevated symptoms of depression. Altern Ther Health Med. 2004;10:60–3.
[ix] Pilkington K, Kirkwood G, Rampes H, Richardson J. Yoga for depression: The research evidence. J Affect Disord. 2005;89:13–24.
[x] da Silva TL, Ravindran LN, Ravindran AV. Asian Journal of Psychiatry. Yoga in the treatment of mood and anxiety disorders: A review. 2009 Mar;2(1):6-16. doi: 10.1016/j.ajp.2008.12.002. Epub 2009 Feb 10.
[xi] Tang YY, Tang R, Posner MI., Brief meditation training induces smoking reduction. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Aug 20;110(34):13971-5. Epub 2013 Aug 5.
[xii] Westbrook C, Creswell JD, Tabibnia G, Julson E, Kober H, Tindle HA. Mindful attention reduces neural and self-reported cue-induced craving in smokers. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2013 Jan;8(1):73-84. Epub 2011 Nov 22.
[xiii] Kochupillai V, Kumar P, Singh D, Aggarwal D, Bhardwaj N, Bhutani M, Das SN. Effect of rhythmic breathing (Sudarshan Kriya and Pranayam) on immune functions and tobacco addiction. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2005 Nov;1056:242-52.
[xiv] Boudette R. How can the practice of yoga be helpful in the recovery from an eating disorder? Eat Disord. 2006;14:167–70.
[xv] Shafil M, Lavely R, Jaffe R. Meditation and the prevention of alcohol abuse. Am J Psychiatry. 1975 Sep;132(9):942-5.
[xvi] Arévalo S, Prado G, Amaro H. Spirituality, sense of coherence, and coping responses in women receiving treatment for alcohol and drug addiction. Eval Program Plann. 2008 Feb;31(1):113-23.
[xvii] Arora S, Bhattacharjee J. Modulation of immune response in stress by yoga. Int J Yoga. 2008;1:45–55.
[xviii] Granath J, Ingvarsson S, von Thiele U, Lundberg U. Stress management: A randomized study of cognitive behavioural therapy and yoga. Cogn Behav Ther. 2006;35:3–10.
[xix] Michalsen A, Grossman P, Acil A, Langhorst J, Lüdtke R, Esch T, et al. Rapid stress reduction and anxiolysis among distressed women as a consequence of a three-month intensive yoga program. Med Sci Monit. 2005;11:CR555–61.
[xx] Rao NP, Varambally S, Gangadhar BN. Indian J Psychiatry. Yoga school of thought and psychiatry: Therapeutic potential. 2013 Jan;55(Suppl 2):S145-9. doi: 10.4103/0019-5545.105510.
[xxi] Vadiraja HS, Raghavendra RM, Nagarathna R, Nagendra HR, Rekha M, Vanitha N, et al. Effects of a yoga program on cortisol rhythm and mood states in early breast cancer patients undergoing adjuvant radiotherapy: A randomized controlled trial. Integr Cancer Ther. 2009;8:37–46.
[xxii] Arévalo S, Prado G, Amaro H. Spirituality, sense of coherence, and coping responses in women receiving treatment for alcohol and drug addiction. Eval Program Plann. 2008 Feb;31(1):113-23.
[xxiii] Galanter, M. Spirituality and addiction: A research and clinical perspective. American Journal on Addictions. 2006: 15, 286-292.